Protein profiling of extracellular vesicles from iPSC-derived astrocytes of patients with ALS/PDC in Kii peninsula

Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism-dementia complex in Kii peninsula, Japan (Kii ALS/PDC), is an endemic neurodegenerative disease whose causes and pathogenesis remain unknown. However, astrocytes in autopsied cases of Kii ALS/PDC show characteristic lesions. In addition, relationships between extracellular vesicles (EVs) and neurodegenerative diseases are increasingly apparent. Therefore, we focused on proteins in EVs derived from Kii ALS/PDC astrocytes in the present study.

Methods: Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from three healthy controls (HCs) and three patients with Kii ALS/PDC were differentiated into astrocytes. EVs in the culture medium of astrocytes were collected and subjected to quantitative proteome analysis.

Results: Our proteome analysis reveals that EV-containing proteins derived from astrocytes of patients with Kii ALS/PDC show distinctive patterns compared with those of HCs. Moreover, EVs derived from Kii ALS/PDC astrocytes display increased proteins related to proteostasis and decreased proteins related to anti-inflammation.

Discussion: Proteins contained in EVs from astrocytes unveil protective support to neurons and may reflect the molecular pathomechanism of Kii ALS/PDC; accordingly, they may be potential biomarker candidates of Kii ALS/PDC.


Authors: Kobayashi H, Ueda K, Morimoto S, Ishikawa M, Leventoux N, Sasaki R, Hirokawa Y, Kokubo Y, Okano H

Journal: Neurol Sci. 2023; 44:4511–4516.