Species-specific formation of paraspeckles in intestinal epithelium revealed by characterization of NEAT1 in naked mole-rat


Paraspeckles are mammalian-specific nuclear bodies built on the long noncoding RNA NEAT1_2 The molecular mechanisms of paraspeckle formation have been mainly studied using human or mouse cells, and it is not known if the same molecular components are involved in the formation of paraspeckles in other mammalian species. We thus investigated the expression pattern of NEAT1_2 in naked mole-rats (nNEAT1_2), which exhibit extreme longevity and lower susceptibility to cancer. In the intestine, nNEAT1_2 is widely expressed along the entire intestinal epithelium, which is different from the expression of mNeat1_2 that is restricted to the cells of the distal tip in mice. Notably, the expression of FUS, a FET family RNA binding protein, essential for the formation of paraspeckles both in humans and mice, was absent in the distal part of the intestinal epithelium in naked mole-rats. Instead, mRNAs of other FET family proteins EWSR1 and TAF15 were expressed in the distal region. Exogenous expression of these proteins in Fus-deficient murine embryonic fibroblast cells rescued the formation of paraspeckles. These observations suggest that nNEAT1_2 recruits a different set of RNA binding proteins in a cell type-specific manner during the formation of paraspeckles in different organisms.

Akihiro Yamada, Hikaru Toya, Mayuko Tanahashi, Misuzu Kurihara, Mari Mito, Shintaro Iwasaki, Satoshi Kurosaka, Toru Takumi, Archa Fox, Yoshimi Kawamura, Kyoko Miura, and Shinichi Nakagawa

RNA (2022)28:1128-1143

DOI: 10.1261/rna.079135.122

preprint  (before revision) https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.02.17.480918v1